Search About RLL About Mattick About Supplement Add to Supplement PDF file providers Help

Search result

Search criteria (word match - sorted on year):
Data set(s): RLL + Mattick + Supplement
Author: Culberson, CF

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1956: The systematics of the Parmelia dubia group in North America. - Amer. Jour. Bot. 43(9): 78-687. [RLL List # 21 / Rec.# 3789]
    Keywords: PARMELIA DUBIA/ PUNCTELIA/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 2 tab. 10 fig. [Parmelia rudecta Ach., P. bolliana Mull. Arg., P. dubia (Wulf.) Schaer.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1958: Age and chemical constituents of individuals of the lichen Lasallia papulosa. - Lloydia 21(3): 189-192. [RLL List # 30 / Rec.# 3740]
    Keywords: LASALLIA/ CHEMISTRY/ AGE DISTRIBUTION
    Abstract: 2 fig.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1963: Sensitivities of some microchemical tests for usnic acid and atranorin. - Microchem. Jour. 7(2): 153-159. [RLL List # 48 / Rec.# 3761]
    Keywords: MICROCHEMICAL TEST/ TECHNIQUES/ USNIC/ ATRANORIN
    Abstract: 1 fig.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1963: The lichen substances of the genus Evernia. - Phytochemistry 2(4): 335-340. [RLL List # 48 / Rec.# 3762]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ EVERNIA
    Abstract: 1 tab. [5 species.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1964: Joint occurrence of a lichen depsidone and its probable depside precursor. - Science 143(3603): 255-256. [RLL List # 48 / Rec.# 3763]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ DEPSIDE/ CETRARIA CILIARIS/ OLIVETORIC/ PHYSODIC
    Abstract: 1 fig. [Olivetoric and physodic acids are reported from a single thallus of Cetraria ciliaris Ach.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1965: Some constituents of the lichen Parmelia cryptochlorophaea. - Jour. Pharm. Sci. 54: 1815-1817. [RLL List # 57 / Rec.# 3765]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ PARMELIA CRYPTOCHLOROPHAEA
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 192]

  • Culberson, CF 1965: Some constituents of the lichen Ramalina siliquosa. - Phytochemistry 4: 951-961. [RLL List # 57 / Rec.# 3766]
    Keywords: RAMALINA SILIQUOSA/ CHEMISTRY/ HYPOPROTOCETRARIC ACID/ DEPSIDONE
    Abstract: [Including hypoprotocetraric acids, a new depsidone.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1965: Some microchemical tests for the lichen depsidone hypoprotocetraric acid. - The Bryologist 68(3): 301-304. [RLL List # 56 / Rec.# 3767]
    Keywords: MICROCHEMICAL TESTS/ TECHNIQUES/ HYPOPROTOCETRARIC ACID/ CHEMISTRY/ RAMALINA
    Abstract: 5 fig. 1 tab. [A new lichen substance and constituent of Ramalina species.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1965: Asahinea, a new lichen genus in the Parmeliaceae. - Brittonia 17(2): 182-190. [RLL List # 53 / Rec.# 3790]
    Keywords: ASAHINEA/ NEW TAXA/ CETRARIA
    Abstract: 4 fig. 1 tab. [New: Asahina gen. nov., A. chrysantha (Tuck.) comb. nov., A. scholanderi (Llano) comb. nov., A. kurodakensis (Asah.) comb. nov.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 1565]

  • Culberson, CF 1966: Confluentic acid, its microchemical identification, and its occurrence in Herpothallon sanguineum. - The Bryologist 69: 312-317. [RLL List # 60 / Rec.# 3768]
    Keywords: CONFLUENTIC/ HERPOTHALLON/ CHIODECTON/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 7 fig.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1966: The structure of a new depsidone from the lichen Parmelia livida. - Phytochemistry 5: 815-818. [RLL List # 60 / Rec.# 3769]
    Keywords: DEPSIDONE/ PARMELIA/ STRUCTURE/ 4-O-METHYLPHYSODIC/ HYPOTRACHYNA
    Abstract: [The new depsidone is 4-O-methylphysodic acid.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1967: Some microchemical tests for two new lichen substances, scrobiculin and 4-O-methylphysodic acid. - The Bryologist 70: 70-75. [RLL List # 62 / Rec.# 3770]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ SCROBICULIN/ 4-O-METHYLPHYSODIC/ MICROCHEMICAL TESTS/ TECHNIQUES
    Abstract: 7 fig. 2 tab.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1967: The chemical constituents of Ramalina paludosa. - The Bryologist 70: 397-405. [RLL List # 66 / Rec.# 3771]
    Keywords: RAMALINA PALUDOSA/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 10 fig.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1967: The structure of scrobiculin, a new lichen depside in Lobraia scrobiculata and Lobaria amplissima. - Phytochemistry 6: 719-725. [RLL List # 63 / Rec.# 3772]
    Keywords: SCROBICULIN/ LOBARIA SCROBICULATA/ STRUCTURE/ CHEMISTRY/ LOBARIA AMPLISSIMA
    Abstract: 1 fig.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1967: A new taxonomy for the Cetraria ciliaris group. - The Bryologist 70: 158-166. [RLL List # 65 / Rec.# 3791]
    Keywords: CETRARIA CILIARIS/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: 7 fig. [4 species. New: Cetraria halei nom. nov., C. microphyllica sp. nov.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1967: Habitat selection by chemically differentiated races of lichens. - Science 158: 1195-1197. [RLL List # 65 / Rec.# 3792]
    Keywords: ECOTYPES/ HABITAT SELECTION/ RAMALINA SILIQUOSA/ BRITISH ISLES/ CHEMOTAXONOMY
    Abstract: 2 fig. [Studies on the Ramalina siliquosa group in Britain.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1968: The constituents of some species of the Thelotremataceae. - Jour. Jap. Bot. 43: 316-323. [RLL List # 70 / Rec.# 3742]
    Keywords: THELOTREMATACEAE/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 2 tab. [13 species.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1968: The lichen genera Cetrelia and Platismatia (Parmeliaceae). - Contrib. U.S. Natl. Herb. 34(7): 449-558. [RLL List # 68 / Rec.# 3793]
    Keywords: CETRELIA/ PLATISMATIA/ PARMELIA/ CETRARIA/ NEW TAXA/ KEYS
    Abstract: 5 tab. 31 fig. 25 pl. [Morphology, chemistry, taxonomy, and phytogeography; keys. Recognition of 24 species in 2 genera. New: Cetrelia gen. nov., C. alaskana (C. Culb. & W. Culb.) comb. nov., C. braunsiana (Mull. Arg.) comb. nov., C. cetrarioides (Del. ex Duby) comb. nov., C. chicitae (W. Culb.) comb. nov., C. collata (Nyl.) comb. nov., C. davidiana sp. nov., C. delavayana sp. nov., C. isidiata (Asah.) comb. nov., C. japonica (Zahlbr.) comb. nov., C. nuda (Hue) comb. nov., C. olivetorum (Nyl.) comb. nov., C. pseudolivetorum (Asah.) comb. nov., C. sanguinea (Schaer.) comb. nov., C. sinensis sp. nov., Platismatia gen. nov., P. erosa sp. nov., P. formosana (Zahlbr.) comb. nov., P. glauca (L.) comb. nov., P. herrei (Imsh.) comb. nov., P. interrupta sp. nov., P. lacunosa (Ach.) comb. nov., P. norvegica (Lynge) comb. nov., P. regenerans sp. nov., P. stenophylla (Tuck.) comb. nov. and P. tuckermanii (Oakes) comb. nov.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1969: Chemical and Botanical Guide to Lichen Products. - University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. xi + 628 pp. [RLL List # 72 / Rec.# 3773]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ CATALOG/ BOTANICAL GUIDE/ HANDBOOK
    Abstract: [Price: $12.50 (cloth). A chemical summary of all lichen substances, a botanical index to the occurrence of these compounds in all taxa from which they have been reported, and a discussion of the biogenetic and structural relationships of the compounds. The chemical guide gives physical data, chemical structures, and annotated references; the botanical guide lists the substances in about 2, 000 taxa. About 1, 200 references.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1969: First reports of lichen substances from seven genera of lichens. - The Bryologist 72: 210-214. [RLL List # 72 / Rec.# 3743]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: [14 species.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Kristinsson, H 1969: Studies on the Cladonia chlorophaea group: a new species, a new meta-depside, and the identity of "novochlorophaeic acid". - The Bryologist 72: 431-443. [RLL List # 73 / Rec.# 3757]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ CLADONIA CHLOROPHAEA/ CLADONIA PERLOMERA/ NEW TAXA/ DEPSIDES
    Abstract: 5 fig. 5 tab. [New: Cladonia perlomera Krist. sp. nov.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1970: Stenosporic acid, a new depside in Ramalina stenospora. - Phytochemistry 9: 841-844. [RLL List # 76 / Rec.# 3775]
    Keywords: STEOSPORIC/ DEPSIDE/ RAMALINA/ CHEMISTRY
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1970: Supplement to "Chemical and Botanical Guide to Lichen Products". - The Bryologist 73: 177-377. [RLL List # 76 / Rec.# 3776]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ CULBERSON/ GUIDE/ CATALOG/ SUPPLEMENT/ BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: 4 fig. [Data from 295 papers; summary of information for hundreds of taxa. Available from the American Bryological and Lichenological Society.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Kristinsson, H 1970: A standardized method for the identification of lichen products. - Jour. Chromatogr. 46: 85-93. [RLL List # 75 / Rec.# 3758]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ TLC/ TECHNIQUES
    Abstract: 2 fig. 1 tab.["A procedure for the routine identification of the products of lichen-forming fungi by thin-layer chromatography is described. Microextracts of plant fragments are chromatographed in three solvent systems. The spots of unknowns are assigned to Rf classes defined by the Rf values of marker controls of two lichen substances (atranorin and norstictic acid) chromatographed on every plate. The unknowns are tentatively identified by sorting (by Rf classes) punched cards summarizing microchemical data for all compounds previously studied. The preliminary identification is then confirmed by additional microchemical tests. The open-ended system can incorporate new and unknown compounds as well as information from other chromatographic systems. Data obtained by the standardized procedure are given for 104 products."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 266]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1970: A phylogenetic view of chemical evolution in the lichens. - The Bryologist 73: 1-31. [RLL List # 74 / Rec.# 3794]
    Keywords: PHYLOGENY/ EVOLUTION/ CHEMISTRY/ REVIEW
    Abstract: 2 fig. 5 tab. [A review paper.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1971: The chemistry of some species of the lichen genus Diploschistes. - Mycologia 63: 422-426. [RLL List # 79 / Rec.# 3744]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ DIPLOSCHISTES
    Abstract: 1 tab. [Constituents of 19 taxa.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 197]

  • Culberson, CF 1972: High-speed liquid chromatography of lichen extracts. - The Bryologist 75: 54-62. [RLL List # 82 / Rec.# 3778]
    Keywords: TECHNIQUES/ HPLC/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 1 tab. 10 fig.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1972: Improved conditions and new data for the identification of lichen products by a standardized thin-layer chromatographic method. - Jour. Chromatogr. 72: 113-125. [RLL List # 95 / Rec.# 3779]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ TLC/ TECHNIQUES/ IDENTIFICATION/ CHROMATOGRAPHY
    Abstract: 5 tables. [Data for 220 compounds.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 258]

  • Culberson, CF/ Dibben, MJ 1972: 2-O-Methylperlatolic and 2'-O-methylperlatolic acids: two new lichen depsides from Pertusaria. - The Bryologist 75: 362-365. [RLL List # 83 / Rec.# 3746]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ 2-O-METHYLPERLATOLIC/ PERTUSARIA
    Abstract: 1 fig.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 200]

  • Culberson, CF/ Hertel, H 1972: 2'-O-Methylanziaic acid, a new depside in Lecidea diducens and Lecidea speirodes. - The Bryologist 75: 372-376. [RLL List # 83 / Rec.# 3752]
    Keywords: LECIDEA/ DEPSIDE/ 2'-O-METHYLANZIAIC/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 2 fig. 1 tab.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 195]

  • Culberson, CF/ Hale, ME", Jr 1973: 4-O-Demethylnotatic acid, a new depsidone in some lichens producing hypoprotocetraric acid. - The Bryologist 76: 77-84. [RLL List # 85 / Rec.# 3750]
    Keywords: HYPOPROTOCETRARIC/ 4-O-DEMETHYLNOTATIC/ CHEMISTRY/ DEPSIDONE
    Abstract: 2 fig. 2 tab.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Hale, ME", Jr 1973: Chemical and morphological evolution in Parmelia sect. Hypotrachyna: product of ancient hybridization?. - Brittonia 25: 162-173. [RLL List # 87 / Rec.# 3751]
    Keywords: HYPOTRACHYNA / MORPHOLOGY / CHEMISTRY/ EVOLUTION/ HYBRIDIZATION
    Abstract: [19 species; biogenetic considerations of secondary products. "The major chemistries show clear correlation with geography, but groups based upon morphological characters do not. The origin of the present day species can be explained by ancient hybridizations of chemically different types and subsequent parallel morphological evolution."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1973: Parallel evolution in the lichen-forming fungi. - Science 180: 196-198. [RLL List # 85 / Rec.# 3795]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ SPECIES PAIRS/ PARALLEL EVOLUTION/ PARMOTREMA/ REPRODUCTION
    Abstract: 1 fig. 1 tab. ["The asexual lichen-forming fungus Parmelia hypotropa has two common chemical races that differ sharply in biogeography and niche characteristics and appear to have been derived by morphologic parallelism from chemically identical races of the closely related P. perforata, which is sexual. Among the lichen fungi many chemically variable asexual morphs, which conventional taxonomies treat as species, are probably polyphyletic like P. hypotropa."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF 1974: Conditions for the use of Merck silica gel 60 F-254 plates in the standardized thin-layer chromatographic technique for lichen products. - Jour. Chromatogr. 97: 107-108. [RLL List # 90 / Rec.# 3780]
    Keywords: THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY / TECHNIQUES/ TLC / CHEMISTRY
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Esslinger, TL 1976: 4-O-Methylolivetoric and loxodellic acids: new depsides from new species of brown Parmeliae. - The Bryologist 79: 42-46. [RLL List # 94 / Rec.# 3748]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ MELANELIA/ NEOFUSCELIA/ CHEMISTRY/ DEPSIDES/ 4-O-METHYLOLIVETORIC/ LOXODELLIC/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: 1 figure. 1 table. [New Parmelia brattii Essl. sp. nov. and P. loxodella Essl. sp. nov.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 201]

  • Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1976: A standardized two-dimensional thin-layer chromatographic method for lichen products. - Journal of Chromatography 128: 253-259. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3755]
    Keywords: TLC/ TWO DIMENSIONAL/ CHEMSITRY/ TECHNIQUES
    Abstract: 2 figures. 1 table. ["Two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography is useful for microchemical studies on mixtures difficult to resolve by the standardized one-dimensional thin-layer chromatographic method now commonly used for lichen products. A modified two-dimensional technique uses the large body of standardized Rf data already accumulated for these compounds."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1976: A tribute to Yasuhiko Asahina. - The Bryologist 79: 258-263. [RLL List # 95 / Rec.# 3796]
    Keywords: ASAHINA/ HISTORY/ JAPAN/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: Illus.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1976: Ramalina asahinae, a new boninic acid-producing species from Mexico. - Jour. Jap. Bot. 51: 374-376. [RLL List # 96 / Rec.# 3797]
    Keywords: RAMALINA/ BONINIC/ CHEMISTRY/ NEW TAXA/ MEXICO
    Abstract: [New: Ramalina asahinae sp. nov.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Arwood, DA 1977: Physiography and fumarprotocetraric acid production in the Cladonia chlorophaea group in North Carolina. - The Bryologist 80: 71-75. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3724]
    Keywords: FUMARPROTOCETRARIC/ CLADONIA/ NORTH CAROLINA/ ECOLOGY/ PHYSIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: 1 figure. 1 table.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1977: Nonrandom distribution of an epiphytic Lepraria on two species of Parmelia. - The Bryologist 80: 201-203. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3727]
    Keywords: LEPRARIA/ PARMELIA/ DISTRIBUTION/ ECOLOGY
    Abstract: 1 table.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1977: Second Supplement to "Chemical and Botanical Guide to Lichen Products". - American Bryological and Lichenologial Society, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. 400 pp. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3728]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: [Summary of data from 607 publications from the late 1960's to 1975, with the addition of some papers from 1976. Data on many compounds of which 124 are newly reported from lichens; chemical reports are summarized for hundreds of species and infraspecific taxa including 1302 not represented in the original book or the first supplement. Available for $9.00 postpaid from the American Bryological and Lichenological Society, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2345 Tower Grove Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1977: Thermally induced chemical artifacts in lichens. - Phytochemistry 16: 127-130. [RLL List # 96 / Rec.# 3729]
    Keywords: ARTIFACTS/ CHEMISTRY/ HERBARIUM TECHNIQUES/ HYPOTRACHYNA/ THERMAL EFFECTS
    Abstract: 1 figure. 2 tables. ["Unsuspected thermal degradation of secondary products in lichens prior to chemical study, although probably uncommon, can lead to mistaken conclusions and taxonomic error. Thermally induced artifacts were found in the chemistries of Hypotrachyna partita from a site of volcanic activity in Costa Rica and in the type of H. prolongata from Haiti that had been dried for the herbarium with heat."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1977: Chemosyndromic variation in lichens. - Syst. Bot. 1: 325-339. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3798]
    Keywords: CHEMOSYNDROMES/ CHEMISTRY/ CETRELIA/ NEW TAXA/ PARMELIACEAE
    Abstract: 2 figures. 3 tables. ["Analysis of the chemistry of Cetrelia (Parmeliaceae) by new techniques reveals a type of variation that does not match the model of classical variation in the lichen-forming fungi. Instead of accumulating only one or two medullary constituents as previously believed, the 15 species of Cetrelia synthesize natural products in biogenetically meaningful sets (here called chemosyndromes) .... Comparison of the chemosyndromes of morphologically similar species groups gives evidence that the differentiation in Cetrelia occurred through a combination of parallel morphological and parallel chemical evolution." New: Cetrelia monachorum (Zahlbr.) comb. nov.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1977: Pseudevernia furfuracea-olivetorina relationships: chemistry and ecology. - Mycologia 69: 604-614. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3785]
    Keywords: PSEUDEVERNIA/ ECOLOGY/ CHEMISTRY/ EUROPE/ SWEDEN
    Abstract: 1 figure. 3 tables. [Four products new to the genus. "In southwestern Sweden site-to-site and within-site comparisons of the proportions of the chemotypes on the same and on different substrates showed great variations, some significant differences, but no consistant correlations."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Djura, P/ Sargent, MV/ Elix, JA/ Engkaninan, U/ Huneck, S/ Culberson, CF 1977: Depsidone synthesis. VIII. Isolation and structural determination of hydroxy- and methoxycolensoic acids. Synthesis of methyl methoxy-O-methycolensoate. - Aust. Jour. Chem. 30: 599-607. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 4414]
    Keywords: CHEMSITRY/ SYNTHESIS/ DEPSIDONES/ STRUCTURE
    Abstract: 1 table.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Djura, P/ Sargent, MV/ Elix, JA/ Engkaninan, U/ Huneck, S/ Culberson, CF 1977: Depsidone synthesis. VIII. Isolation and structural determination of hydroxy- and methoxy-colensoic acids. Synthesis of methyl-O-methylcolensoate. - Austral. Jour. Chem. 30: 599-607. [RLL List # 99 / Rec.# 4413]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ STRUCTURE/ COLENSOIC/ DEPSIDONES
    Abstract: 1 table.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Huneck, S/ Hofle, G/ Culberson, CF 1977: 3, 5-Dichlor-2'-O-methylanziasaure, ein neues Depsid aus Lecanora sulphurella. - Phytochemistry 16: 995-998. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 8857]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ LECANORA/ DEPSIDES
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1978: B-Orcinol derivatives in lichens: biogenetic evidence from Oropogon loxensis. - Experimental Mycology 2: 245-257. [RLL List # 102-15 / Rec.# 3745]
    Keywords: OROPOGON/ BIOGENESIS/ METABOLITES/ COSTA RICA/ GUATEMALA/ PERU/ OWN/ DEPSIDE/ PANNARIC ACID/ DIBENZOFURAN
    Abstract: 4 tables. 3 figures. [Specimens studied from Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Peru. Three new depsides, 2'-O-methylatranorin, methyl 3-a-hydroxy-4-O-demethylbarbatate and methyl 4-O-demethylbarbatate, were discovered. The dibenzofuran pannaric acid was detected for the first time in the genus. Results of the study "...support a biogenetic hypothesis involving C-methylation and/or C-formyulation at the polyketide stage and a metabolic grid of redox reactions of aromatic precursors leading to the para-depsides, depsidones, benzyl esters, and meta-depsides typical of lichens".]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1978: Cetrelia cetrarioides and C. monachorum (Parmeliaceae) in the New World. - The Bryologist 81: 517-523. [RLL List # 103-19 / Rec.# 3799]
    Keywords: CETRELIA/ PARMELIACEAE
    Abstract: 1 table. 8 figures. [New chemical and distributional information on these two taxa.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Ammann, K 1979: Standardmethode zur Dunnschichtchromatographie von Flechtensubstanzen. - Herzogia 5: 1-24. [RLL List # 106-16 / Rec.# 3722]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ TECHNIQUE/ TLC
    Abstract: 3 figures. 1 table. [A summary in German of previously published standardized systems for TLC of lichen compounds.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 193]

  • Culberson, CF/ Hertel, H 1979: Chemical and morphological analyses of the Lecidea lithophila-plana group (Lecideaceae). - The Bryologist 82: 189-197. [RLL List # 104-22 / Rec.# 3753]
    Keywords: LECIDEA/ TLC/ HPLC/ PLANAIC/ 4-O-DEMETHYLPLANAIC/ CHEMISTRY/ SPORES
    Abstract: 5 figures. 2 tables. [TLC and HPLC investigations showed joint occrrence of planaic acid and 4-O-demethylplanaic acid in all specimens examined. Some specimens of L. lithophila produce this latter substance as the major consitiutent. "Correlations of spore shape, spore volume and chemistry give a clear separation fo L. lithophia. L. lithophilopsis Nyl. and L. plana from an unresolved aggregate including L. leptoboloides Nyl."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 194]

  • Culberson, CF/ Nash, TH" III/ Johnson, A 1979: 3-a-hydroxybarbatic acid, a new depside in chemosyndromes of some Xanthoparmeliae with B-orcinol depsides. - The Bryologist 82: 154-161. [RLL List # 104-23 / Rec.# 3760]
    Keywords: CHEMOSYNDROME/ XANTHOPARMELIA/ DEPSIDE/ 3-A-HYDROXYBARBATIC/ MEXICO
    Abstract: 7 figures. 1 table. [New: Xanthoparmelia moctezumensis Nash sp. nov. Includes distributional and chemical data on X. ajoensis and X. tucsonensis as well.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Ahmadjian, V 1980: Artificial reestablishment of lichens. II. Secondary products of resynthesized Cladonia cristatella and Lecanora chrysoleuca. - Mycologia 72: 90-109. [RLL List # 106-15 / Rec.# 3721]
    Keywords: SYNTHESIS/ CLADONIA/ RHIZOPLACA/ LECANORA/ TREBOUXIA/ CHEMISTRY/ DEPSIDE/ PSEUDOTREBOUXIA/ GROWTH/ CULTURE/ SYMBIOSIS/ ENZYME
    Abstract: 12 figures. 1 table. ["Successful resynthesis of the Cladonia cristatella mycobiont with its normal phycobiont and with Trebouxia isolates from 12 other species of lichens all produced the characteristic depside barbatic acid as the major secondary product. No characteristic lichen products were found in cultures of the C. cristatella mycobiont either alone, under a variety of cultural conditions, or mixed with Pseudotrebouxia phycobionts under the same conditions that led to the successful resynthesis with Trebouxia phycobionts. The production of characteristic lichen products is affected primarily by the establishment of a successful symbiosis and secondarily by as yet poorly defined environmental factors. The formation of many characteristic lichen products may involve algal inhibition of fungal enzymes."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1980: Microconidial dimorphism in the lichen genus Parmelia. - Mycologia 72: 127-135. [RLL List # 106-17 / Rec.# 3800]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ MICROCONIDIA/ DIMORPHISM/ PUNCTELIA/ NEW TAXA/ NORTH AMERICA
    Abstract: 2 tables. 4 figures. ["The first microconidial dimorphism in noncrustose lichen-forming fungi to have ecogeographical correlations is reported from two American species." Parmelia semansiana sp. nov. is recognized as separate from Parmelia hypoleucites Nyl.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1981: A standarized TLC analysis of B-orcinol depsidones. - The Bryologist 84: 16-29. [RLL List # 111-11 / Rec.# 3730]
    Keywords: DEPSIDONE/ B-ORCINOL/ TECHNIQUE/ TLC/ CHROMATOGRAPHY/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 4 figures. 2 tables. [A new solvent system of toluene/ethyl acetate/formic acid is employed to separate B-orcinol depsidones with low Rf values. "Standardized chromatographic data and examples of specific problems are given. Chemical analyses are reported for 25 lichen species from 176 genera." Solvent G is toluene/ethyl acetate/formis acid (139:83:8, v/v/v; 230 ml).]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 260]

  • Molho, DM/ Bodo, B/ Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1981: A chemically distinctive new Ramalina from Fiji. - The Bryologist 84: 396-398. [RLL List # 111-53 / Rec.# 12965]
    Keywords: RAMALINA/ FIJI/ NEW TAXA/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 2 figures. [New: Ramalina luciae sp. nov. "The new species Ramalina luciae is unique among sekikaic acid-producing members of the R. farinacea complex in its very low content of homosekikaic acid and in its lack of mono-O-demethyl derivatives of homosekikaic acid."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1982: Substitution of methyl tert.-butyl ether for diethyl ether in standarzided thin-layer chromatographic method for lichen products. - Journal of Chromatography 238: 483-487. [RLL List # 115-11 / Rec.# 3756]
    Keywords: TECHNIQUE/ CHEMISTRY/ MTBE/ SOLVENT/ TLC
    Abstract: 1 table. [Use of MTBE in solvent B (hexane 140: MTBE 72: formic acid: 18) produces almost identical results as those obtained using diethyl ether without the problems of evaporation and dangerous storage.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 264]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1982: Evolutionary modification of ecology in a common lichen species. - Systematic Botany 7: 158-169. [RLL List # 114-12 / Rec.# 3803]
    Keywords: EVOLUTION/ PSEUDOPARMELIA/ ECOLOGY/ COMPETITION
    Abstract: 5 figures. 1 table. ["Pseudoparmelia caperata in eastern North America may have sustained genetic impoverishment through the loss of gamodemes adapted to the microhabitat of rock as a result of intense competition with P. baltimorensis in the past. Each species still occsionally grows in the other's preferrd microhabitat and both may grow in approximately equal numbers on tree bases, which seem to be ecologically intermediate...."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1982: A new endemic red-fruited Cladonia from the North Carolina coast. - Mycologia 74: 662-667. [RLL List # 114-13 / Rec.# 3786]
    Keywords: CLADONIA/ NEW TAXA/ NORTH CAROLINA
    Abstract: 1 table. 6 figures. [New: Cladonia anitae W. Culb. et C. Culb., sp. nov.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF/ Fiscus, SA 1983: A new lecanoric acid-producing Usnea from Mexico. - The Bryologist 86: 254-256. [RLL List # 119-25 / Rec.# 3782]
    Keywords: USNEA/ MEXICO/ LECANORIC/ ACIDS/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: [New: Usnea lecanorica sp. nov. The new species is described from collections from the state of Mexico and belongs to the Usnea florida group.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Lochmuller, CH/ Hill, WB/ Porter, RM/ Hangac, HH/ Culberson, CF/ Ryall, RR 1983: Separation of lichen metabolites, pyridine derivatives, and pyrimidine bases using microprobe, reversed-phase LC. - Journal of Chromatographic Science 21: 70-76. [RLL List # 118-49 / Rec.# 11709]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ REVERSED-PHASE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY/ TECHNIQUE/ CETRELIA/ PARMELIA
    Abstract: 3 tables. 6 figures. [The system was highly successful in separation and detection of lichen products from Cetrelia monachorum and Parmelia and has several advantages over previously used techniques.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1984: Secondary compounds produced exclusively by lichens. - In: A. I. Laskin & H. A. Lechevalier (eds.): CRC Handbook of Microbiology. 2nd Edition. Volume V. Microbial Products. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, pp. 793-833. [RLL List # 121-19 / Rec.# 3731]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ STRUCTURES/ GENERAL
    Abstract: Many figures. [Detailed treatment of exclusive lichen products with structural configurations, physical properties and representative species. The manuscript was prepared in 1975, however, and thus some of the information is now out of date.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Hale, ME", Jr./ Tønsberg, T/ Johnson, A 1984: New depsides from the lichen Dimelaena oreina and Fuscidea viridis. - Mycologia 76: 148-160. [RLL List # 120-32 / Rec.# 3749]
    Keywords: DEPSIDES/ OWN/ FUSCIDEA/ DIMELAENA/ PHYSCIACEAE/ LECIDEACEAE/ TLC/ HPLC / CALIFORNIA
    Abstract: 4 tables. 2 figures. [New depsides from Dimelaena oreina from California are isosphaeric and superlatolic acids. Fuscidea viridis Tønsb., sp. nov. is described from Norway and Sweden and contains the new substances hyperlatolic and isohyperlatolic acids.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 196]

  • Culberson, CF 1986: Biogenetic relationships of the lichen substances in the framework of systematics. - The Bryologist 89: 91-98. [RLL List # 128-21 / Rec.# 3781]
    Keywords: BIOGENETIC/ CHEMISTRY/ CLADONIA CHLOROPHAEA/ SYSTEMATICS/ REVIEW/ CLADISTICS
    Abstract: 3 figures. 2 tables. [Biogenetic characters are used in a cladistic analysis rather than the chemical substances themselves. "The Cladonia chlorophaea group provides an example of how preliminary biogenetic hypotheses can lead to a cladogram for the 14 chemotypes presently known in the complex."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 259]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1986: Two new lichen products, elatinic acid and methyl barbatate, from the genus Haematomma (Ascomycotina, Haematommataceae). - Mycologia 78: 888-891. [RLL List # 132 / Rec.# 3734]
    Keywords: HAEMATOMMA/ CHEMISTRY/ METHYL BARBATATE/ ELATINIC
    Abstract: 1 table. 12 figures. [The new substances are unique to the family. Elatinic acid is reported from three species and methyl barbatate from one species.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 198]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Gowan, S/ Johnson, A 1987: New depsides from lichens: microchemical methodologies applied to the study of new natural products discovered in herbarium specimens. - American Journal of Botany 74: 403-414. [RLL List # 132 / Rec.# 3726]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ TECHNIQUES/ HERBARIA/ DEPSIDES/ HPLC/ HAEMATOMMA/ JAPAN/ TLC
    Abstract: 2 tables. 21 figures. ["A high-performance liquid chromatographic method originally devised to provide a reproducible measure of retention is used to determine chemical structures of new compounds in lichens. The method relates retention to a standard homologous series so that retention indices of members of other homologous series are linear with carbon number. Eight new orcinol-type p-depsides ... are reported from an endemic Japanese species, Haematomma pachycarpum. The significance of the technique used here lies in providing a way to characterize new compounds in rare or endangered species, thereby completing data sets for phylogenetic reconstructions."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 726]

  • Culberson, CF/ Elix, JA 1989: Lichen substances. - In: Harborne, JB (ed.): Methods in Plant Biochemistry Vol. 1. Plant Phenolics. Academic Press, London, San Diego, pp. 509-535. [RLL List #  / Rec.# 3747]
    Keywords: CHEMICAL METHODS/ CHEMISTRY/ REVIEW
    Abstract: 19 fig. [General review of lichen secondary products, techniques for their microchemical identification, and their structure and synthesis. Includes a discussion of two recently discovered new classes of phenolic lichen compounds, biphenyls and metal-ligand complexes.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1990: A novel meta-depside from the Ramalina subfraxinea complex (Ascomycotina, Ramalinaceae). - The Bryologist 93(2): 193-196. [RLL List # 140 / Rec.# 3736]
    Keywords: RAMALINA/ CHEMISTRY/ NEW CALEDONIA/ 4-O-METHYLOXOCRYPTOCHLOROPHAEIC
    Abstract: 3 figures. 2 tables. ["The chemical structure of the new meta-depside supports a recently proposed scheme for the biogenetic relationships of orcinol-type lichen products in which meta-depsides are derived by 3'-hydroxylation and rearrangement of para-depsides." Collections of the Ramalina species were from New Caledonia.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 263]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1990: The Ramalina americana complex (Ascomycotina, Ramalinaceae): chemical and geographic correlations. - The Bryologist 93(2): 167-186. [RLL List # 140 / Rec.# 3737]
    Keywords: RAMALINA/ CHEMISTRY/ MEXICO/ DISTRIBUTION/ CHEMOSYNDROMES/ MICROSPECIES
    Abstract: 57 figures. 3 tables. [Study of 244 specimens revealed 55 natural products, including 10 new substances, representing several chemotypes. "A biogenetic analysis of the chemotypes suggests an evolutionary origin by loss mutations." One group is centered in Mesoamerica and the other in the SE United States. "The typically apotheciate R. americana complex obviously reproduces primarily by spores, but it never produces spermagonia. Homothallism (selfing) could maintain the integrity of the chemotypes, which may represent a series of microspecies each adapted to its own segment of the total range of the complex."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 262|6]

  • Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A/ Patwardhan, PG/ Makhija, U 1990: New depsides in Stirtonia ramosa (Ascomycotina, Arthoniaceae). - The Bryologist 93: 279-282. [RLL List # 141 / Rec.# 3754]
    Keywords: STIRTONIA/ CHEMISTRY/ PARA-DEPSIDES/ ANDAMAN ISLANDS/ INDIA/ ARTHONIACEAE
    Abstract: 1 figures. 2 tables. ["Stirtonia ramosa, a corticolous crustose lichen from the Andaman Islands, contains two new para-depsides, 4-O-demethylsuperconfluentic and 2'-O-methylsuperconfluentic acids."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 2125]

  • Leuckert, C/ Ahmadjian, V/ Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1990: Xanthones and depsidones of the lichen Lecanora dispersa in nature and of its mycobiont in culture. - Mycologia 82(3): 370-378. [RLL List # 142 / Rec.# 11399]
    Keywords: CULTURE/ MYCOBIONT/ LECANORA/ PANNARIN/ XANTHONES/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 3 tables. 6 figures. ["A chemotype of the natural lichen Lecanora dispersa contains 2, 7-dichlorolichexanthone as the major secondary compound, but cultured spore isolates, growing without the alga, produced pannarin and related depsidones (HPLC, TLC, and MS) instead. Surprisingly, pannarin could not be confirmed in voucher materials of the natural source lichen, but the biosynthetic potential for this depsidone was proven for the species by a herbarium survey. The production of pannarin by the isolated mycobionts reported in the present study, however, unequivocally confirms Komyia and Shibata's hypothesis that typical lichen depsidones can indeed be synthesized by isolated lichen fungi with no assistance from the alga."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 896]

  • Huneck, S/ Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Elix, JA 1991: Haematommone, a red pigment from apothecia of Haematomma puniceum. - Phytochemistry 30(2): 706-707. [RLL List #  / Rec.# 8801]
    Keywords: ANTHRAQUINONES/ HAEMATOMMA/ HAEMATOMMONE
    Abstract: 3 formulae ["The new anthraquinone haematommone from the apothecia of the lichen Haematomma puniceum has been identified as 1, 3, 6, 8-tetrahydroxy-2-acetylanthraquinone by spectroscopic methods." (The first author's name is misspelled "Hunek" on the title page.)]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1992: Characteristic lichen products in cultures of chemotypes of the Ramalina siliquosa complex. - Mycologia 84(5): 705-714. [RLL List # 149 / Rec.# 3738]
    Keywords: DEPSIDONE/ HPLC/ MYCOBIONT CULTURE/ RAMALINA/ SECONDARY PRODUCTS IN CULTURE/ TLC
    Abstract: 13 fig. 2 tab. ["Sixteen characteristic aromatic lichen products were identified in alga-free fungal cultures derived from single-spore isolates of four chemotypes of the Ramalina siliquosa species complex. The chemistries of many cultures are more complex than those of natural thalli. The compounds identified include the major ß-orcinol depsidones that characterize the chemotypes as well as biogenetically reasonable precursors not yet proved in natural thalli. Single-spore progeny from natural thalli can be assigned to chemotype without being lichenized with an alga. This result simplifies the use of secondary-product chemistry as a genetic marker to assess the limits of gene flow between chemotypes in natural populations."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 2128]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1993: Occurrence and histological distribution of usnic acid in the Ramalina siliquosa species complex. - The Bryologist 96(2): 181-184. [RLL List # 152 / Rec.# 3739]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ HISTOLOGICAL DISTRIBUTION/ HISTOLOGY/ RAMALINA
    Abstract: 3 fig. 1 tab. ["Usnic acid appears to be a constant secondary product of all chemotypes of the Ramalina siliquosa species complex. Its highly variable concentrations and apparent absence from some individuals are due to a preferential accumulation in apothecia and spermagonia, structures not necessarily included equally in all samples in routine chemical screenings."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1993: Speciation in lichens of the Ramalina siliquosa complex (Ascomycotina, Ramalinaceae): gene flow and reproductive isolation. - American Journal of Botany 80(12): 1472-1481. [RLL List # 154 / Rec.# 3788]
    Keywords: CHEMOTYPES/ GENE FLOW/ GENETICS/ MARITIME/ RAMALINA/ REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION/ SIBLING SPECIES/ SPECIATION
    Abstract: 9 fig. 4 tab. ["The lichens of the rock-inhabiting Ramalina siliquosa complex of maritime cliffs of western Europe are differentiated into six chemotypes characterized by a replacement series of ß-orcinol depsidones. These chemotypes are sharply zoned from the most sheltered to the most exposed positions in the the supralittoral zone. Since artificial crosses in lichens are impossible, the breeding system was investigated by an analysis of the progeny of maternals from nature - some growing in pure zones and others growing intermixed with different chemotypes where zones overlap. Overall, the chemotypes are highly reproductively isolated, the progeny tending to be chemically identical to their respective maternal individuals. Only one pair of chemotypes appears to represent a clear polymorphism; the remainder are apparently ecologically differentiated sibling species. Two chemotypes, which interbreed where their zones overlap, are apparently kept distinct by strong selection against unadapted sporelings in the "wrong" niche. Spermatia function over only short distances, also contributing to the reproductive isolation."]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 2388]

  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1994: Secondary metabolites as a tool in ascomycete systematics: lichenized fungi. - In: Hawksworth, DL (ed.): Ascomycete Systematics. Problems and Perspectives in the Nineties. NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 155-163. [RLL List # 157 / Rec.# 3804]
    Keywords: CLADONIA/ GENE FLOW/ GENETICS/ MYCOBIONT CULTURE/ RAMALINA/ SECONDARY PRODUCTS
    Abstract: 16 fig. 2 tab. [Discussion of the use of lichen substances as markers in genetic studies and for analysis of gene flow.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Tønsberg, T/ Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1995: 4-O-Methylcryptochlorophaeic acid found in Bacidia. - Graphis Scripta 7(1): 39-41. [RLL List # 159 / Rec.# 18799]
    Keywords: 4-O-METHYLCRYPTOCHLOROPHAEIC/ BACIDIA/ SECONDARY PRODUCTS
    Abstract: [The substance is reported from Bacidia absistens, where it is the only major secondary product.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Narui, T/ Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A/ Shibata, S 1996: A contribution to the chemistry of the lichen family Umbilicariaceae (Ascomycotina). - The Bryologist 99(2): 199-211. [RLL List # 163 / Rec.# 13334]
    Keywords: ANTHRAQUINONES/ BIOSYNTHESIS/ CRUSTINIC/ GENERIC CONCEPTS/ HPLC/ LASALLIA/ LASALLIC/ METHODS/ SATELLITE COMPOUNDS/ TLC/ UMBILICARIA/ UMBILICARIACEAE
    Abstract: 27 fig. 8 tab. 1 appendix [Detailed examination of the secondary chemistry of 56 species in the genera Umbilicaria and Lasallia. "The study reported here 1) confirms many previous chemical identifications, 2) analyzes additional taxa, 3) identifies other compounds new to the family, and 4) compares HPLC and TLC methodologies for the identification of these compounds in fragments from herbarium specimens. The chemistries of Lasallia and Umbilicaria are compared and reassessed in light of these findings." Various chemical correlations observed support the separation of Lasallia and Umbilicaria.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Narui, T/ Takatsuki, S/ Sawada, K/ Okuyama, T/ Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Shibata, S 1996: Lasallic acid, a tridepside from the lichen, Lasallia asiae-orientalis. - Phytochemistry 42(3): 839-842. [RLL List # 163 / Rec.# 13337]
    Keywords: CRUSTINIC/ GYROPHORIC/ LASALLIA/ LASALLIC/ TRIDEPSIDES
    Abstract: 1 tab. 1 scheme
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Narui, T/ Sawada, K/ Takatsuki, S/ Okuyama, T/ Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Shibata, S 1998: NMR assignments of depsides and tridepsides of the lichen family Umbilicariaceae. - Phytochemistry 48(5): 815-822. [RLL List # 171 / Rec.# 13336]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ DEPSIDES/ NMR/ TECHNIQUES/ TRIDEPSIDES/ UMBILICARIA
    Abstract: 2 tab. 1 scheme
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ LaGreca, S/ Johnson, A/ Culberson, WL 1999 [2000]: Trivaric acid, a new tridepside in the Ramalina americana chemotype complex (lichenized Ascomycota: Ramalinaceae). - The Bryologist 102(4): 595-601. [RLL List # 178 / Rec.# 3759]
    Keywords: CHEMOTYPES/ NAID/ RAMALINA/ RAMALINACEAE/ TRIDEPSIDES/ TRIVARIC ACID
    Abstract: 14 fig. 2 tab. [The new tridepside was found in only one thallus out of more than 600 analyzed.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Harada, H/ Narui, T/ Culberson, CF/ Shibata, S 1999: Rediscovery of Diploicia canescens (lichenized Ascomycota, Buelliaceae) in Japan. - Journal of the Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba 5(2): 97-101. [RLL List # 175 / Rec.# 7699]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ DIPLOICIA/ HPLC/ JAPAN
    Abstract: 3 fig. [Includes photos and HPLC chemical data for the species. In Japanese with English abstract.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 2977]

  • Narui, T/ Sawada, K/ Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Shibata, S 1999: Pustulan-type polysaccharides as a constant character of the Umbilicariaceae (lichenized Ascomycotina). - The Bryologist 102(1): 80-85. [RLL List # 175 / Rec.# 13335]
    Keywords: LASALLIA/ POLYSACCHARIDES/ PUSTULAN/ UMBILICARIA/ UMBILICARIACEAE
    Abstract: 2 fig. 2 tab. [47 species of Umbilicaria and 9 species of Lasallia were analyzed.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 2001: Future directions in lichen chemistry. - The Bryologist 104(2): 230-234. [RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22188]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ HISTORY/ METHODS
    Abstract: 2 fig. [Review.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Wang, L-song/ Narui, T/ Harada, H/ Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 2001: Ethnic uses of lichens in Yunnan, China. - The Bryologist 104(3): 345-349. [RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22404]
    Keywords: CHINA/ ETHNOBOTANY/ FOOD/ HUMAN USES/ LETHARIELLA/ LOBARIA/ MEDICAL/ RAMALINA/ THAMNOLIA
    Abstract: 2 fig. [Notes on the use of five species as food (Lobaria isidiophora, L. kurokawae, L. yoshimurae, Ramalina conduplicans, R. sinensis) and another five species in health-promoting teas (Lethariella cashmeriana, L. sernanderi, L. sinensis, Thamnolia vermicularis, T. subuliformis)].
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL] [ET: 3685]

  • Culberson, CF 2002: [Review] S. Huneck. New results on the Chemistry of Lichen Substances. Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products. Vol. 81. viii + 314 pp. (Eds.: W. Herz, H.Falk, G. W. Kirby). Springer-Verlag, Wien and New York. 2001. - Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(3): 511. [RLL List # 195 / Rec.# 25728]
    Keywords: BOOK REVIEW/ CHEMISTRY
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Wang, L-S/ Harada, H/ Narui, T/ Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 2003: Bryoria hengduanensis (lichenized Ascomycota, Parmeliaceae), a new species from southern China. - Acta Phytotax. et Geobot. 54(2): 99-104. [RLL List # 198 / Rec.# 26580]
    Keywords: ALECTORIA/ BRYORIA/ CHINA
    Abstract: 2 fig. 2 tab. [The new species, with long spiraling pseudocyphellae similar to several North American species of Bryoria, is odd due to its production of usnic acid.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Kinoshita, K/ Takatori, K/ Narui, T/ Culberson, CF/ Hasumi, M/ Nishino, Y/ Koyama, K/ Takahashi, K 2004: A novel secondary metabolite from Lethariella sernanderi. - Heterocycles 63(5): 1023-1026. [RLL List # 200 / Rec.# 27387]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ LETHARIELLA
    Abstract: 2 fig. 1 tab. 1 formula.
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Kinoshita, K/ Narui, T/ Koyama, K/ Takahashi, K/ Culberson, CF/ Nishino, Y 2005: Secondary metabolites from Lethariella sernanderi. - Lichenology 4(1): 7-11. [RLL List # 200 / Rec.# 27386]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ LETHARIELLA/ SERNANDERIN
    Abstract: 2 fig. 1 tab. [Twelve compounds are reported, including recently described sernanderin.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]

  • Wang, LS/ Harada, H/ Narui, T/ Culberson, CF 2005: Cyanomorph of Solorina crocea (lichenized Ascomycota, Peltigeraceae) from Sichuan, China. - Lichenology 4(1): 1-6. [RLL List # 200 / Rec.# 27595]
    Keywords: CHINA/ CYANOMORPHS/ SOLORINA
    Abstract: 2 fig. [The specimens of Solorina crocea containing only a cyanobacterial layer are the first reports of that species from China.]
    [Edit/Delete] [Upload PDF/URL]


    Number of hits shown/total: 90/90.
    Number of records in database: 41411.
    Current date: 2019.02.17.OK