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Data set(s): RLL + Mattick + Supplement
Author: Culberson, WL

  • Culberson, WL 1951: Some lichens from eastern Kentucky. - Lloydia 14(2): 181-186. [RLL List # 4 / Rec.# 3808]
    Keywords: KENTUCKY/ USA
    Abstract: [70 taxa.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1952: Etude systematique et phytogeographique de l'Enterographa crassa (DC.) Fee. - Rev. Bryol. et Lichenol. 21(3-4): 276-284. [RLL List # 7 / Rec.# 3809]
    Keywords: ENTEROGRAPHA CRASSA/ PHYTOGEOGRAPHY/ SYSTEMATICS
    Abstract: 3 fig.
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  • Culberson, WL 1952: [Review of:] L'Abbe M. Guillaumot: Flore des Lichens de France et de Grande-Bretagne. Paul Lechevalier, Editeur. Paris. 1951. 605 pp. 287 fig.. - The Bryologist 55(3): 238. [RLL List # 5 / Rec.# 3810]
    Keywords: REVIEW
    Abstract: Price: 5, 200 francs. [A review.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1952: Quelques lichens des environs de Troyes et une note sur leur faune malacologique. - Monde des Plantes 287-288: 23-24. [RLL List # 7 / Rec.# 3811]
    Keywords: MOLLUSKS/ INVERTEBRATES/ FRANCE/ TROYES
    Abstract: [23 lichens, 3 mollusks.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1953: [Review of:] Henry des Abbayes: Traite de Lichenologie. Paul Lechevalier, Editeur. Paris. x + 217 pp. 1951. - The Bryologist 56(2): 145-146. [RLL List # 9 / Rec.# 3812]
    Keywords: REVIEW
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  • Culberson, WL 1954: [Review of:] W. Watson: Census Catalog of British Lichens. Cambridge University Press. London. xix + 91 pp. 1953. - The Bryologist 57(1): 33. [RLL List # 12 / Rec.# 3813]
    Keywords: REVIEW/ BRITISH ISLES/ CATALOG
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  • Culberson, WL 1954: Lichens, Taxonomy of. - In: : McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology. McGraw-Hill Inc., New York. 438 pp., pp. 262-263. [RLL List # 49 / Rec.# 3814]
    Keywords: GENERAL/ TAXONOMY
    Abstract: [Brief, general statement.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1955: A Guide to the Literature on the Lichen Flora and Vegetation of the United States. - Plant Disease Epidemics & Ident. Sec., Agr. Res. Ser., USDA, Spec. Publ. No. 7. 54 pp. [RLL List # 16 / Rec.# 3815]
    Keywords: BIBLIOGRAPHY/ IDENTIFICATION/ USA
    Abstract: [Bibliography of some 650 annotated classified references.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1955: [Review of:] G. M. Smith: Cryptogamic Botany. Volume I, Algae adn Fungi. Second Edition. McGraw-Hill Company, New York. vii + 546 pp. 311 fig.. - The Bryologist 58(3): 259. [RLL List # 17 / Rec.# 3816]
    Keywords: REVIEW
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  • Culberson, WL 1955: [Review of:] K. Bertsch: Flechtenflora von Sudwestdeutschland. Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Wurttemberg. 256 pp. 58 fig.. - The Bryologist 58(3): 259. [RLL List # 17 / Rec.# 3817]
    Keywords: REVIEW/ GERMANY
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  • Culberson, WL 1955: Note sur la nomenclature, repartition et phytosociologie du Parmeliopsis placorodia (Ach.) Nyl.. - Rev. Bryol. et Lichenol. 24(3-4): 334-337. [RLL List # 19 / Rec.# 3818]
    Keywords: PARMELIOPSIS PLACORODIA/ NOMENCLATURE/ ECOLOGY/ PHYTOSOCIOLOGY
    Abstract: 1 fig. 1 tab.
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  • Culberson, WL 1955: Notes on the Parmelia caperata group in Wisconsin. - The Bryologist 58(1): 40-44. [RLL List # 15 / Rec.# 3819]
    Keywords: PARMELIA CAPERATA/ WISCONSIN/ FLAVOPARMELIA/ USA
    Abstract: 1 fig. [Parmelia caperata (L.) Ach., P. andreana Mull. Arg., P. manshurica Asahina.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1955: The corticolous communities of lichens and bryophytes in the upland forests of northern Wisconsin. - Ecol. Monogr. 25(2): 215-231. [RLL List # 15 / Rec.# 3821]
    Keywords: WISCONSIN/ CORTICOLOUS COMMUNITIES/ EPIPHYTES/ ECOLOGY
    Abstract: 9 fig. 7 tab. [82 lichens, 41 bryophytes.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1955: The fossil mosses of the Two Creeks Forest Bed of Wisconsin. - Amer. Midland Nat. 54(2): 452-459. [RLL List # 18 / Rec.# 3822]
    Keywords: FOSSILS/ DECOMPOSITION/ DECAY/ ECOLOGY
    Abstract: 1 fig. 2 tab. [Relative rate of decomposition of lichens and mosses: pp. 457-458.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1956: The systematics of the Parmelia dubia group in North America. - Amer. Jour. Bot. 43(9): 78-687. [RLL List # 21 / Rec.# 3789]
    Keywords: PARMELIA DUBIA/ PUNCTELIA/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 2 tab. 10 fig. [Parmelia rudecta Ach., P. bolliana Mull. Arg., P. dubia (Wulf.) Schaer.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1956: [Review of:] G. B. Walsh & F. C. Rimington (eds.): The Natural History of the Scarborough District. Volume 1--Geology and Botany. The Scarborough Field Naturalists' Society. Scarborough. xii + 296 pp. 8 pl. 1 folding map. - The Bryologist 59(4): 287-288. [RLL List # 21 / Rec.# 3823]
    Keywords: REVIEW/ BRITISH ISLES/ SCARBOROUGH
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  • Hale, ME", Jr/ Culberson, WL 1956: A checklist of the lichens of the United States, Canada, and Alaska. - Castanea 21: 73-105. [RLL List # 20 / Rec.# 7367]
    Keywords: CHECKLIST/ CANADA/ USA/ ALASKA
    Abstract: [2, 280 species in 193 genera.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1958: Age and chemical constituents of individuals of the lichen Lasallia papulosa. - Lloydia 21(3): 189-192. [RLL List # 30 / Rec.# 3740]
    Keywords: LASALLIA/ CHEMISTRY/ AGE DISTRIBUTION
    Abstract: 2 fig.
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  • Culberson, WL 1958: The chemical strains of the lichen Parmelia cetrarioides Del. in North America. - Phyton [Buenos Aires] 11(1): 85-92. [RLL List # 28 / Rec.# 3825]
    Keywords: CHEMICAL STRAINS/ PARMELIA/ CETRELIA
    Abstract: 7 fig.
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  • Culberson, WL 1958: Variation in the pine-inhabiting vegetation of North Carolina. - Ecology 39(1): 23-28. [RLL List # 26 / Rec.# 3826]
    Keywords: NORTH CAROLINA/ ECOLOGY/ PINE
    Abstract: 1 fig. 3 tab. [36 lichens, 4 bryophytes.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1959: "Lichenes Exsiccati" in herbariis Americae septentrionalis asservati. - The Bryologist 62(1): 45-52. [RLL List # 31 / Rec.# 3827]
    Keywords: EXSICCAT/ HERBARIA/ NORTH AMERICA/ INDEX
    Abstract: [Location of an estimated 70, 000 exsiccat specimens.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1960: Parmelia pseudoborreri Asahina, lichen nouveau pour la flore d'Europe et remarques sur "especes chimiques" en lichenologie. - Rev. Bryol. et Lichenol. 29(3-4): 321-325. [RLL List # 38 / Rec.# 3828]
    Keywords: PARMELIA PSEUDOBORRERI/ CHEMOTAXONOMY/ EUROPE
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  • Culberson, WL 1960: Parmelia ulophyllodes (Vain.) Savicz in the North American lichen flora. - Jour. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 76(1): 141-142. [RLL List # 35 / Rec.# 3829]
    Keywords: PARMELIA ULOPHYLLODES/ PUNCTELIA/ NORTH AMERICA/ FLAVOPUNCTELIA
    Abstract: 1 tab.
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  • Hale, ME", Jr/ Culberson, WL 1960: A second checklist of the lichens of the continental United States and Canada. - The Bryologist 63(3): 137-172. [RLL List # 37 / Rec.# 7368]
    Keywords: CHECKLIST/ NORTH AMERICA/ CANADA/ USA
    Abstract: 2492 species in 196 genera. Reprints are available from Dr. L. E. Anderson, Dept. of Botany, Duke University, Durham, NC for $1.00.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1961: A disposition of the nomenclature of lichens in Curtis's North Carolina Botany of 1867. - Jour. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 77(2): 265-276. [RLL List # 41 / Rec.# 3830]
    Keywords: NORTH CAROLINA/ FLORA
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  • Culberson, WL 1961: Edward Tuckerman. - Cramer Verlag, Weinheim. xvi pp. [RLL List # 50 / Rec.# 3831]
    Keywords: TUCKERMAN/ HISTORY/ BIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: [A preprinting of the introduction to "The Collected Lichenological Papers of Edward Tuckerman" (see entry in this bibliography). It is slightly different from the final version in the book because the type was later reset.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1961: Proposed changes in the International Code governing the nomenclature of lichens. - Taxon 10(6): 161-165. [RLL List # 40 / Rec.# 3832]
    Keywords: NOMENCLATURE/ GENERAL
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  • Culberson, WL 1961: The discovery of the lichen Parmeliopsis placorodia in western North America. - Madrono 16(1): 31. [RLL List # 37 / Rec.# 3833]
    Keywords: PARMELIOPSIS PLACORODIA/ NORTH AMERICA
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  • Culberson, WL 1961: The Parmelia quercina group in North America. - Amer. Jour. Bot. 48(2): 168-174. [RLL List # 38 / Rec.# 3834]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ NEW TAXA/ NORTH AMERICA
    Abstract: 12 fig. [On Parmelia quercina (Willd.) Vain., P. coronata Fee, P. confoederata sp. nov., P. galbina Ach., and P. livida Tayl.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1962: Some pseudocyphellate Parmeliae. - Nova Hedwigia 4(3-4): 563-577. [RLL List # 45 / Rec.# 3835]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ PUNCTELIA/ KEY/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: 3 pl. 1 tab. [12 species. New: Parmelia appalachensis sp. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1962: The systematic position of Platysma thomsonii Stirton. - The Bryologist 65(4): 304-307. [RLL List # 46 / Rec.# 3836]
    Keywords: PLATYSMA/ NEW TAXA/ PARMELIA
    Abstract: 1 fig. [New: Parmelia (Amphigymnia) thomsonii (Stirt.) comb. nov., and var. dissecta (Mull. Arg.) comb. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1963: A summary of the lichen genus Haematomma in North America. - The Bryologist 66(4): 224-236. [RLL List # 49 / Rec.# 3837]
    Keywords: HAEMATOMMA/ NORTH AMERICA/ KEY/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: 3 fig. [11 species; key. New: H. sect. Ventosa sect. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1963: Lichens in a greenhouse. - Science 139(3549): 40-41. [RLL List # 44 / Rec.# 3838]
    Keywords: GREENHOUSE/ STERILE/ PARIS/ FRANCE/ CULTURE/ ATRANORIN/ STICTIC
    Abstract: a sterile crustose species grows abundantly over the plant debris used as a cultural medium for orchids in the greenhouses of the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. It produces atranorin and stictic acid and is a potentially interesting experimental subject.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1963: The lichen genus Thamnolia. - Brittonia 15(2): 140-144. [RLL List # 45 / Rec.# 3839]
    Keywords: THAMNOLIA/ CHEMISTRY/ DISTRIBUTION/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: 3 fig. [New: Thamnolia subuliformis (Ehrh.) comb. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1964: The range of Herpothallon sanguineum in the United States. - The Bryologist 67(2): 224-226. [RLL List # 50 / Rec.# 3840]
    Keywords: HERPOTHALLON/ CHIODECTON/ USA/ DISTRIBUTION
    Abstract: 1 fig.
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  • Sayre, G/ Bonner, CEB/ Culberson, WL 1964: The authorities for the epithets of mosses, hepatics, and lichens. - The Bryologist 67(2): 113-135. [RLL List # 50 / Rec.# 16475]
    Keywords: AUTHORITIES/ ABBREVIATIONS/ NOMENCLATURE/ BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: [The some 1, 150 most frequent authorities for epithets with standardized abbreviations for bibliographic citations. Reprints available from L.E. Anderson, Dept. of Botany, Duke University, Durham, NC for $0.75.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1965: Asahinea, a new lichen genus in the Parmeliaceae. - Brittonia 17(2): 182-190. [RLL List # 53 / Rec.# 3790]
    Keywords: ASAHINEA/ NEW TAXA/ CETRARIA
    Abstract: 4 fig. 1 tab. [New: Asahina gen. nov., A. chrysantha (Tuck.) comb. nov., A. scholanderi (Llano) comb. nov., A. kurodakensis (Asah.) comb. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1965: Cetraria chicitae, a new and widely distributed lichen species. - The Bryologist 68(1): 95-99. [RLL List # 53 / Rec.# 3841]
    Keywords: CETRARIA CHICITAE/ NEW TAXA/ NORTH AMERICA
    Abstract: 2 fig. [New: Cetraria chicitae sp. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1965: The foliose and fruticose lichens of the environs of Mountain Lake, Giles County, Virginia. - Castanea 30: 90-104. [RLL List # 55 / Rec.# 3842]
    Keywords: MACROLICHENS/ VIRGINIA/ MOUNTAIN LAKE AREA
    Abstract: [140 taxa.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1966: Chemistry and taxonomy of the lichen genera Heterodermia and Anaptychia in the Carolinas. - The Bryologist 69: 472-487. [RLL List # 61 / Rec.# 3843]
    Keywords: HETERODERMIA/ NORTH CAROLINA/ SOUTH CAROLINA/ ANAPTYCHIA/ NEW TAXA/ KEYS/ USA
    Abstract: 18 fig. 1 tab. [14 species. New: Heterodermia appalachensis (Kurok.) comb. nov., H. echinata (Tayl.) comb. nov., H. galactophylla (Tuck.) comb. nov., H. granulifera (Ach.) comb. nov., H. pseudospeciosa (Kurok.) comb. nov., H. squamulosa (Degel.) comb. nov., H. tremulans (Mull. Arg.) comb. nov., Anaptychia sect. Aquilae (Jatta) comb. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1966: Chimie et taxonomie des lichens du groupe Ramalina farinacea en Europe. - Rev. Bryol. & Lichenol. 34: 841-851. [RLL List # 63 / Rec.# 3844]
    Keywords: RAMALINA FARINACEA GROUP/ EUROPE/ TAXONOMY/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: [5 species. New: Ramalina hypoprotocetrarica sp. nov., R. reagens (B. de Lesd.) stat. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1966: The lichen genus Aspidelia Stirt.. - The Bryologist 69: 113-114. [RLL List # 59 / Rec.# 3846]
    Keywords: ASPIDELIA
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  • Culberson, WL 1966: The typification of the genus Platyphyllum and a proposal for the conservation of Cetraria Ach. against Platyphyllum Ventenat. - Taxon 15: 315-316. [RLL List # 61 / Rec.# 3847]
    Keywords: CETRARIA/ CONSERVATION/ NOMENCLATURE/ BOTANICAL CODE/ TYPIFICATION
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  • Culberson, WL/ Hale, ME", Jr 1966: The range of Normandina pulchella in North America. - The Bryologist 69: 365-367. [RLL List # 60 / Rec.# 3806]
    Keywords: NORMANDINA PULCHELLA/ NORTH AMERICA/ DISTRIBUTION
    Abstract: 1 fig.
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  • Hale, ME", Jr/ Culberson, WL 1966: A third checklist of the lichens of the continental United States and Canada. - The Bryologist 69: 141-182. [RLL List # 60 / Rec.# 7369]
    Keywords: CHECKLIST/ USA/ CANADA/ NEW TAXA/ PSEUDEVERNIA
    Abstract: [2, 558 species in 211 genera. New: Pseudevernia cladonia (Tuck.) comb. nov., P. consocians (Vain.) comb. nov. P. intensa (Nyl.) comb. nov.]
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  • Santesson, R/ Culberson, WL 1966: The typification of the homonymic generic names Platisma (Platysma) proposed for lichens. - The Bryologist 69: 100-104. [RLL List # 59 / Rec.# 16263]
    Keywords: TYPIFICATION/ PLATISMA/ PLATYSMA/ NOMENCLATURE/ HOMONYMS
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1967: A new taxonomy for the Cetraria ciliaris group. - The Bryologist 70: 158-166. [RLL List # 65 / Rec.# 3791]
    Keywords: CETRARIA CILIARIS/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: 7 fig. [4 species. New: Cetraria halei nom. nov., C. microphyllica sp. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1967: Habitat selection by chemically differentiated races of lichens. - Science 158: 1195-1197. [RLL List # 65 / Rec.# 3792]
    Keywords: ECOTYPES/ HABITAT SELECTION/ RAMALINA SILIQUOSA/ BRITISH ISLES/ CHEMOTAXONOMY
    Abstract: 2 fig. [Studies on the Ramalina siliquosa group in Britain.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1967: Analysis of chemical and morphological variation in the Ramalina siliquosa complex. - Brittonia 19: 333-352. [RLL List # 64 / Rec.# 3848]
    Keywords: RAMALINA SILIQUOSA GROUP/ VARIATION/ CHEMISTRY/ MORPHOLOGY/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: 21 fig. 3 tab. [6 species. New: Ramalina atlantica sp. nov., R. stenoclada sp. nov., R. druidarum sp. nov.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1968: The constituents of some species of the Thelotremataceae. - Jour. Jap. Bot. 43: 316-323. [RLL List # 70 / Rec.# 3742]
    Keywords: THELOTREMATACEAE/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 2 tab. [13 species.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1968: The lichen genera Cetrelia and Platismatia (Parmeliaceae). - Contrib. U.S. Natl. Herb. 34(7): 449-558. [RLL List # 68 / Rec.# 3793]
    Keywords: CETRELIA/ PLATISMATIA/ PARMELIA/ CETRARIA/ NEW TAXA/ KEYS
    Abstract: 5 tab. 31 fig. 25 pl. [Morphology, chemistry, taxonomy, and phytogeography; keys. Recognition of 24 species in 2 genera. New: Cetrelia gen. nov., C. alaskana (C. Culb. & W. Culb.) comb. nov., C. braunsiana (Mull. Arg.) comb. nov., C. cetrarioides (Del. ex Duby) comb. nov., C. chicitae (W. Culb.) comb. nov., C. collata (Nyl.) comb. nov., C. davidiana sp. nov., C. delavayana sp. nov., C. isidiata (Asah.) comb. nov., C. japonica (Zahlbr.) comb. nov., C. nuda (Hue) comb. nov., C. olivetorum (Nyl.) comb. nov., C. pseudolivetorum (Asah.) comb. nov., C. sanguinea (Schaer.) comb. nov., C. sinensis sp. nov., Platismatia gen. nov., P. erosa sp. nov., P. formosana (Zahlbr.) comb. nov., P. glauca (L.) comb. nov., P. herrei (Imsh.) comb. nov., P. interrupta sp. nov., P. lacunosa (Ach.) comb. nov., P. norvegica (Lynge) comb. nov., P. regenerans sp. nov., P. stenophylla (Tuck.) comb. nov. and P. tuckermanii (Oakes) comb. nov.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1969: First reports of lichen substances from seven genera of lichens. - The Bryologist 72: 210-214. [RLL List # 72 / Rec.# 3743]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: [14 species.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1969: Norstictic acid as a hymenial constituent of Letharia. - Mycologia 61: 731-736. [RLL List # 73 / Rec.# 3849]
    Keywords: NORSTICTIC/ LETHARIA/ LOCALIZATION
    Abstract: 1 fig. [In L. californica (Lev.) Hue.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1969: The chemistry and systematics of some species of the Cladonia cariosa group in North America. - The Bryologist 72: 377-386. [RLL List # 72 / Rec.# 3851]
    Keywords: CLADONIA CARIOSA/ CHEMISTRY/ KEY/ NORTH AMERICA
    Abstract: 1 tab. 6 fig. [5 species.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1969: The use of chemistry in the systematics of the lichens. - Taxon 18: 152-166. [RLL List # 71 / Rec.# 3852]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ SYSTEMATICS/ REVIEW/ CHEMOTAXONOMY
    Abstract: 13 fig. 1 tab. [Review paper.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1970: A phylogenetic view of chemical evolution in the lichens. - The Bryologist 73: 1-31. [RLL List # 74 / Rec.# 3794]
    Keywords: PHYLOGENY/ EVOLUTION/ CHEMISTRY/ REVIEW
    Abstract: 2 fig. 5 tab. [A review paper.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1970: Chemosystematics and ecology of lichen-forming fungi. - Ann. Rev. Ecol. & Syst. 1: 153-170. [RLL List # 77 / Rec.# 3853]
    Keywords: CHEMOTAXONOMY/ ECOLOGY/ REVIEW/ SYSTEMATICS
    Abstract: 9 fig. [A review paper.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1970: Parmelia discordans, lichen peu connu d'Europe. - Rev. Byol. & Lichenol. 37: 183-186. [RLL List # 77 / Rec.# 3854]
    Keywords: PARMELIA DISCORDANS/ EUROPE/ DISTRIBUTION
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  • Culberson, WL 1970: Ramalina siliquosa discovered in Japan. - Jour. Jap. Bot. 45: 295-296. [RLL List # 77 / Rec.# 3855]
    Keywords: RAMALINA SILIQUOSA/ JAPAN/ DISTRIBUTION
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  • Culberson, WL 1970: The typification of the lichen genus Pilophoron. - The Bryologist 73: 630-632. [RLL List # 77 / Rec.# 3856]
    Keywords: PILOPHORUS/ TYPIFICATION/ NOMENCLATURE
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  • Hale, ME", Jr/ Culberson, WL 1970: A fourth checklist of the lichens of the continental United States and Canada. - The Bryologist 73: 499-543. [RLL List # 77 / Rec.# 7370]
    Keywords: CHECKLIST/ USA/ CANADA/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: [2, 735 species in 234 genera; reprints available from the American Bryological and Lichenological Society. New: Agrestia hispida (Mereschk.) comb. nov., Cladina aberrans (Abb.) comb. nov., C. arbuscula (Wallr.) comb. nov., C. evansii (Abb.) comb. nov., C. leucophaea (Abb.) comb. nov., C. mitis (Sandst.) comb. nov., C. pseudoevansii (Asah.) comb. nov., C. submitis (Evans) comb. nov., C. subtenuis (Abb.) comb. nov., C. tenuis (Florke) comb. nov., C. terrae-novae (Ahti) comb. nov., Dimelaena angelica (Stizenb.) comb. nov., D. chrysomelaena (Ach.) comb. nov., D. novomexicana (B. de Lesd.) comb. nov., D. suboreina (B. de Lesd.) comb. nov., D. thysanota (Tuck.) comb. nov., Dirinaria frostii (Tuck.) comb. nov.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1971: The chemistry of some species of the lichen genus Diploschistes. - Mycologia 63: 422-426. [RLL List # 79 / Rec.# 3744]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ DIPLOSCHISTES
    Abstract: 1 tab. [Constituents of 19 taxa.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1972: Disjunctive distributions in the lichen-forming fungi. - Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 59: 165-173. [RLL List # 85 / Rec.# 3857]
    Keywords: DISJUNCT DISTRIBUTIONS/ PHYTOGEOGRAPHY
    Abstract: 3 fig. [From a symposium.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1973: Parallel evolution in the lichen-forming fungi. - Science 180: 196-198. [RLL List # 85 / Rec.# 3795]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ SPECIES PAIRS/ PARALLEL EVOLUTION/ PARMOTREMA/ REPRODUCTION
    Abstract: 1 fig. 1 tab. ["The asexual lichen-forming fungus Parmelia hypotropa has two common chemical races that differ sharply in biogeography and niche characteristics and appear to have been derived by morphologic parallelism from chemically identical races of the closely related P. perforata, which is sexual. Among the lichen fungi many chemically variable asexual morphs, which conventional taxonomies treat as species, are probably polyphyletic like P. hypotropa."]
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  • Culberson, WL 1973: The Parmelia perforata group: niche characteristics of chemical races, speciation by parallel evolution, and a new taxonomy. - The Bryologist 76: 20-29. [RLL List # 85 / Rec.# 3858]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ SPECIES PAIRS/ PARALLEL EVOLUTION/ PARMOTREMA/ KEY/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: 5 fig. 1 tab. [7 species. New: Parmelia preperforata sp. nov., P. parahypotropa sp. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Hale, ME", Jr 1974: The range of the lichen Parmelia eurysaca. - Mycologia 66: 1047-1049. [RLL List # 91-27 / Rec.# 3807]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ PARMOTREMA/ DISTRIBUTION/ PARMELIACEAE
    Abstract: 1 fig.
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1976: A tribute to Yasuhiko Asahina. - The Bryologist 79: 258-263. [RLL List # 95 / Rec.# 3796]
    Keywords: ASAHINA/ HISTORY/ JAPAN/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: Illus.
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1976: Ramalina asahinae, a new boninic acid-producing species from Mexico. - Jour. Jap. Bot. 51: 374-376. [RLL List # 96 / Rec.# 3797]
    Keywords: RAMALINA/ BONINIC/ CHEMISTRY/ NEW TAXA/ MEXICO
    Abstract: [New: Ramalina asahinae sp. nov.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Arwood, DA 1977: Physiography and fumarprotocetraric acid production in the Cladonia chlorophaea group in North Carolina. - The Bryologist 80: 71-75. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3724]
    Keywords: FUMARPROTOCETRARIC/ CLADONIA/ NORTH CAROLINA/ ECOLOGY/ PHYSIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: 1 figure. 1 table.
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1977: Nonrandom distribution of an epiphytic Lepraria on two species of Parmelia. - The Bryologist 80: 201-203. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3727]
    Keywords: LEPRARIA/ PARMELIA/ DISTRIBUTION/ ECOLOGY
    Abstract: 1 table.
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1977: Second Supplement to "Chemical and Botanical Guide to Lichen Products". - American Bryological and Lichenologial Society, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. 400 pp. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3728]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: [Summary of data from 607 publications from the late 1960's to 1975, with the addition of some papers from 1976. Data on many compounds of which 124 are newly reported from lichens; chemical reports are summarized for hundreds of species and infraspecific taxa including 1302 not represented in the original book or the first supplement. Available for $9.00 postpaid from the American Bryological and Lichenological Society, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2345 Tower Grove Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1977: Thermally induced chemical artifacts in lichens. - Phytochemistry 16: 127-130. [RLL List # 96 / Rec.# 3729]
    Keywords: ARTIFACTS/ CHEMISTRY/ HERBARIUM TECHNIQUES/ HYPOTRACHYNA/ THERMAL EFFECTS
    Abstract: 1 figure. 2 tables. ["Unsuspected thermal degradation of secondary products in lichens prior to chemical study, although probably uncommon, can lead to mistaken conclusions and taxonomic error. Thermally induced artifacts were found in the chemistries of Hypotrachyna partita from a site of volcanic activity in Costa Rica and in the type of H. prolongata from Haiti that had been dried for the herbarium with heat."]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1977: Chemosyndromic variation in lichens. - Syst. Bot. 1: 325-339. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3798]
    Keywords: CHEMOSYNDROMES/ CHEMISTRY/ CETRELIA/ NEW TAXA/ PARMELIACEAE
    Abstract: 2 figures. 3 tables. ["Analysis of the chemistry of Cetrelia (Parmeliaceae) by new techniques reveals a type of variation that does not match the model of classical variation in the lichen-forming fungi. Instead of accumulating only one or two medullary constituents as previously believed, the 15 species of Cetrelia synthesize natural products in biogenetically meaningful sets (here called chemosyndromes) .... Comparison of the chemosyndromes of morphologically similar species groups gives evidence that the differentiation in Cetrelia occurred through a combination of parallel morphological and parallel chemical evolution." New: Cetrelia monachorum (Zahlbr.) comb. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1977: Pseudevernia furfuracea-olivetorina relationships: chemistry and ecology. - Mycologia 69: 604-614. [RLL List # 97 / Rec.# 3785]
    Keywords: PSEUDEVERNIA/ ECOLOGY/ CHEMISTRY/ EUROPE/ SWEDEN
    Abstract: 1 figure. 3 tables. [Four products new to the genus. "In southwestern Sweden site-to-site and within-site comparisons of the proportions of the chemotypes on the same and on different substrates showed great variations, some significant differences, but no consistant correlations."]
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  • Culberson, WL 1977: [Review of:] G. Clauzade & C. Roux: Les Champignons Lichenicoles non Lichenises. Universite des Sceinces et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier. 1976. - The Bryologist 80: 391-392. [RLL List # 101-21 / Rec.# 3859]
    Keywords: REVIEW
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  • Culberson, WL 1977: [Review of:] D. H. Borwn, D. L. Hawksworth & R. H. Bailey (eds.): Lichenology: Progress and Problems. Academic Press, London. 1976. - The Bryologist 80: 229-230. [RLL List # 101-20 / Rec.# 3860]
    Keywords: REVIEW
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL 1978: B-Orcinol derivatives in lichens: biogenetic evidence from Oropogon loxensis. - Experimental Mycology 2: 245-257. [RLL List # 102-15 / Rec.# 3745]
    Keywords: OROPOGON/ BIOGENESIS/ METABOLITES/ COSTA RICA/ GUATEMALA/ PERU/ OWN/ DEPSIDE/ PANNARIC ACID/ DIBENZOFURAN
    Abstract: 4 tables. 3 figures. [Specimens studied from Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Peru. Three new depsides, 2'-O-methylatranorin, methyl 3-a-hydroxy-4-O-demethylbarbatate and methyl 4-O-demethylbarbatate, were discovered. The dibenzofuran pannaric acid was detected for the first time in the genus. Results of the study "...support a biogenetic hypothesis involving C-methylation and/or C-formyulation at the polyketide stage and a metabolic grid of redox reactions of aromatic precursors leading to the para-depsides, depsidones, benzyl esters, and meta-depsides typical of lichens".]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1978: Cetrelia cetrarioides and C. monachorum (Parmeliaceae) in the New World. - The Bryologist 81: 517-523. [RLL List # 103-19 / Rec.# 3799]
    Keywords: CETRELIA/ PARMELIACEAE
    Abstract: 1 table. 8 figures. [New chemical and distributional information on these two taxa.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1978: [Review of:] I. M. Brodo & D. L. Hawksworth: Alectoria and Allied Genera in North America. Opera Botanica No. 42. Stockholm. 1977. - The Bryologist 81: 641-642. [RLL List # 103-17 / Rec.# 3861]
    Keywords: REVIEW
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  • Culberson, WL 1978: Recent literature on lichens--100. - The Bryologist 81: 615-627. [RLL List # 103-18 / Rec.# 3862]
    Keywords: BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: [263 references.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1978: Recent literature on lichens--99. - The Bryologist 81: 476-481. [RLL List # 101-22 / Rec.# 3863]
    Keywords: BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Abstract: [Annotated list of 123 references.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1980: Microconidial dimorphism in the lichen genus Parmelia. - Mycologia 72: 127-135. [RLL List # 106-17 / Rec.# 3800]
    Keywords: PARMELIA/ MICROCONIDIA/ DIMORPHISM/ PUNCTELIA/ NEW TAXA/ NORTH AMERICA
    Abstract: 2 tables. 4 figures. ["The first microconidial dimorphism in noncrustose lichen-forming fungi to have ecogeographical correlations is reported from two American species." Parmelia semansiana sp. nov. is recognized as separate from Parmelia hypoleucites Nyl.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1980: [Review of:] H. A. Beltman: Vegetative Struckturen der Parmeliaceae und ihre Entwicklung. Bibliotheca Lichenologica, No. 11. J. Cramer, Vaduz. 1978. - The Bryologist 83: 402-403. [RLL List # 108-15 / Rec.# 3864]
    Keywords: REVIEW
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1981: A standarized TLC analysis of B-orcinol depsidones. - The Bryologist 84: 16-29. [RLL List # 111-11 / Rec.# 3730]
    Keywords: DEPSIDONE/ B-ORCINOL/ TECHNIQUE/ TLC/ CHROMATOGRAPHY/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 4 figures. 2 tables. [A new solvent system of toluene/ethyl acetate/formic acid is employed to separate B-orcinol depsidones with low Rf values. "Standardized chromatographic data and examples of specific problems are given. Chemical analyses are reported for 25 lichen species from 176 genera." Solvent G is toluene/ethyl acetate/formis acid (139:83:8, v/v/v; 230 ml).]
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  • Culberson, WL 1981: [Review of:] R. T. Cole & B. Kendrick (eds.): Biology of Conidial Fungi. Volume 1. Academic Press Inc., New York. 1981. - The Bryologist 84: 589-590. [RLL List # 113-12 / Rec.# 3865]
    Keywords: REVIEW
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  • Molho, DM/ Bodo, B/ Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1981: A chemically distinctive new Ramalina from Fiji. - The Bryologist 84: 396-398. [RLL List # 111-53 / Rec.# 12965]
    Keywords: RAMALINA/ FIJI/ NEW TAXA/ CHEMISTRY
    Abstract: 2 figures. [New: Ramalina luciae sp. nov. "The new species Ramalina luciae is unique among sekikaic acid-producing members of the R. farinacea complex in its very low content of homosekikaic acid and in its lack of mono-O-demethyl derivatives of homosekikaic acid."]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF 1982: Evolutionary modification of ecology in a common lichen species. - Systematic Botany 7: 158-169. [RLL List # 114-12 / Rec.# 3803]
    Keywords: EVOLUTION/ PSEUDOPARMELIA/ ECOLOGY/ COMPETITION
    Abstract: 5 figures. 1 table. ["Pseudoparmelia caperata in eastern North America may have sustained genetic impoverishment through the loss of gamodemes adapted to the microhabitat of rock as a result of intense competition with P. baltimorensis in the past. Each species still occsionally grows in the other's preferrd microhabitat and both may grow in approximately equal numbers on tree bases, which seem to be ecologically intermediate...."]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF/ Johnson, A 1982: A new endemic red-fruited Cladonia from the North Carolina coast. - Mycologia 74: 662-667. [RLL List # 114-13 / Rec.# 3786]
    Keywords: CLADONIA/ NEW TAXA/ NORTH CAROLINA
    Abstract: 1 table. 6 figures. [New: Cladonia anitae W. Culb. et C. Culb., sp. nov.]
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  • Culberson, WL/ Culberson, CF/ Fiscus, SA 1983: A new lecanoric acid-producing Usnea from Mexico. - The Bryologist 86: 254-256. [RLL List # 119-25 / Rec.# 3782]
    Keywords: USNEA/ MEXICO/ LECANORIC/ ACIDS/ NEW TAXA
    Abstract: [New: Usnea lecanorica sp. nov. The new species is described from collections from the state of Mexico and belongs to the Usnea florida group.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1984: Secondary compounds produced exclusively by lichens. - In: A. I. Laskin & H. A. Lechevalier (eds.): CRC Handbook of Microbiology. 2nd Edition. Volume V. Microbial Products. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, pp. 793-833. [RLL List # 121-19 / Rec.# 3731]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ STRUCTURES/ GENERAL
    Abstract: Many figures. [Detailed treatment of exclusive lichen products with structural configurations, physical properties and representative species. The manuscript was prepared in 1975, however, and thus some of the information is now out of date.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1984: [Review of:] D. L. Hawksworth, B. C. Sutton & G. C. Ainsworth: Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi. 7th Edition. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey. 1983. - The Bryologist 87: 181-182. [RLL List # 121-20 / Rec.# 3866]
    Keywords: REVIEW/ OWN
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  • Brodo, IM/ Culberson, WL 1986: Haematomma pustulatum, sp. nov. (Ascomycotina, Haematommataceae): a common, widespread, sterile lichen of eastern North America. - The Bryologist 89: 203-205. [RLL List # 129-19 / Rec.# 2420]
    Keywords: HAEMATOMMA/ NEW TAXA/ NORTH CAROLINA/ HAEMATOMMATACEAE/ LECANORACEAE
    Abstract: 3 figures. [New: Haematomma pustulatum sp. nov.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1986: Two new lichen products, elatinic acid and methyl barbatate, from the genus Haematomma (Ascomycotina, Haematommataceae). - Mycologia 78: 888-891. [RLL List # 132 / Rec.# 3734]
    Keywords: HAEMATOMMA/ CHEMISTRY/ METHYL BARBATATE/ ELATINIC
    Abstract: 1 table. 12 figures. [The new substances are unique to the family. Elatinic acid is reported from three species and methyl barbatate from one species.]
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  • Culberson, WL 1986: Chemistry and sibling speciation in the lichen-forming fungi: ecological and biological considerations. - The Bryologist 89: 123-131. [RLL List # 128-22 / Rec.# 3867]
    Keywords: SIBLING SPECIATION/ EVOLUTION/ ECOLOGY/ SYSTEMATICS/ REVIEW
    Abstract: 1 figure. [Discussion of sibling speciation in lichens and how chemical variation patterns in lichens may be interpreted as examples of sibling speciation. "For the lichens, examples are given of sympatric sibling speciation effected by the isolating mechanisms of a sharply telescoped environment, the bark of different trees growing together, tree bark and nearby boulders and adjacent soils of different types. An experimental approach in the lichens for determining the extent of gene flow in morphologically similar populations of mixed chemotypes is proposed."]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Gowan, S/ Johnson, A 1987: New depsides from lichens: microchemical methodologies applied to the study of new natural products discovered in herbarium specimens. - American Journal of Botany 74: 403-414. [RLL List # 132 / Rec.# 3726]
    Keywords: CHEMISTRY/ TECHNIQUES/ HERBARIA/ DEPSIDES/ HPLC/ HAEMATOMMA/ JAPAN/ TLC
    Abstract: 2 tables. 21 figures. ["A high-performance liquid chromatographic method originally devised to provide a reproducible measure of retention is used to determine chemical structures of new compounds in lichens. The method relates retention to a standard homologous series so that retention indices of members of other homologous series are linear with carbon number. Eight new orcinol-type p-depsides ... are reported from an endemic Japanese species, Haematomma pachycarpum. The significance of the technique used here lies in providing a way to characterize new compounds in rare or endangered species, thereby completing data sets for phylogenetic reconstructions."]
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  • Culberson, WL 1988: [Review of:] W. J. Noble, T. Ahti, G. F. Otto & I. M. Brodo: A Second Checklist and Bibliography of the Lichens and Allied Fungi of British Columbia. Syllogeus 61. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. 1987. - The Bryologist 91(3): 253. [RLL List # 135 / Rec.# 3868]
    Keywords: CHECKLIST/ REVIEW
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1990: A novel meta-depside from the Ramalina subfraxinea complex (Ascomycotina, Ramalinaceae). - The Bryologist 93(2): 193-196. [RLL List # 140 / Rec.# 3736]
    Keywords: RAMALINA/ CHEMISTRY/ NEW CALEDONIA/ 4-O-METHYLOXOCRYPTOCHLOROPHAEIC
    Abstract: 3 figures. 2 tables. ["The chemical structure of the new meta-depside supports a recently proposed scheme for the biogenetic relationships of orcinol-type lichen products in which meta-depsides are derived by 3'-hydroxylation and rearrangement of para-depsides." Collections of the Ramalina species were from New Caledonia.]
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  • Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Johnson, A 1990: The Ramalina americana complex (Ascomycotina, Ramalinaceae): chemical and geographic correlations. - The Bryologist 93(2): 167-186. [RLL List # 140 / Rec.# 3737]
    Keywords: RAMALINA/ CHEMISTRY/ MEXICO/ DISTRIBUTION/ CHEMOSYNDROMES/ MICROSPECIES
    Abstract: 57 figures. 3 tables. [Study of 244 specimens revealed 55 natural products, including 10 new substances, representing several chemotypes. "A biogenetic analysis of the chemotypes suggests an evolutionary origin by loss mutations." One group is centered in Mesoamerica and the other in the SE United States. "The typically apotheciate R. americana complex obviously reproduces primarily by spores, but it never produces spermagonia. Homothallism (selfing) could maintain the integrity of the chemotypes, which may represent a series of microspecies each adapted to its own segment of the total range of the complex."]
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  • Culberson, WL 1991: A tribute to Mason Ellsworth Hale, Jr. - The Bryologist 94(1): 90-93. [RLL List # 143 / Rec.# 3869]
    Keywords: OBITUARY/ HALE
    Abstract: 3 figures. [A tribute and brief biography of Mason Hale, Jr.]
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  • Huneck, S/ Culberson, CF/ Culberson, WL/ Elix, JA 1991: Haematommone, a red pigment from apothecia of Haematomma puniceum. - Phytochemistry 30(2): 706-707. [RLL List #  / Rec.# 8801]
    Keywords: ANTHRAQUINONES/ HAEMATOMMA/ HAEMATOMMONE
    Abstract: 3 formulae ["The new anthraquinone haematommone from the apothecia of the lichen Haematomma puniceum has been identified as 1, 3, 6, 8-tetrahydroxy-2-acetylanthraquinone by spectroscopic methods." (The first author's name is misspelled "Hunek" on the title page.)]
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