090402 Gymnocarpium continentale (Petrov) Pojark.
Taimyr - Severnaya Zemlya: Present only in the Borderline Arctic
West Chukotka: Rare
South Chukotka: Rare
Western Alaska: Rare
Northern Alaska - Yukon: Presence uncertain
Hudson Bay - Labrador: Rare
Shrub Tundra: Rare
Bordering boreal or alpine areas: Frequent
- Pojark., Soobshch. Tadzh. Fil. Akad. Nauk SSSR 22: 10 (1950). - Dryopteris pulchella var. continentale Petrov, Fl. Iakut.: 14 (1930). Described from Yakutia (Siberia).
- Gymnocarpium jessoense subsp. parvulum Sarvela, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 15: 103 (1978). Holotype (H): Canada: the Northwest Territories, Nahanni National Park, below Virginia Falls, ca. 0.3 km from the South Nahanni River, 6136'N, 12543'W, 08. July 1977, leg. T. Ahti 31910.
- Gymnocarpium robertianum sensu Hultén (1968a), non (Hoffm.) Newman (1851). - Dryopteris robertiana sensu A.E. Porsild & Cody (1980), non (Hoffm.) C. Chr. (1906).
160 (4x). - Europe (N), North America. - At least three reports.
Geography: European (N) - Asian (N) - amphi-Beringian - North American (N): SIB RFE ALA CAN.
Notes: In Siberia, Tolmachev (1960) reported the species to reach the Arctic only in Kharaulakh and Danilov (1988b) to reach the Borderline Arctic only in Taimyr. Gymnocarpium continentale is present in northern Fennoscandia but does not reach the Arctic there.
The rank of this tetraploid taxon is disputed, either species (G. continentale, e.g., Sarvela et al. 1981; Pryer et al. 1983; Sarvela 2000a) or subsp. parvulum of the otherwise diploid G. jessoense (Koidz.) Koidz. (Pryer 1993).
Tzvelev: There are numerous intermediates between G. continentale and G. jessoense s. str. It seems strange to keep G. continentale as a species when many other and better defined entities are treated as subspecies.
Elven: If the names G. jessoense and G. continentale connect to, respectively, the diploid and the tetraploid, the existence of frequent intermediates needs support by counts of intermediate chromosome numbers (and spore fertility information) for rank as two subspecies to be the more appropriate choice. It is in accordance with prevailing principles in pteridophyte taxonomy to recognize entities at different ploidy levels as species if supported by morphology. The tetraploids and higher levels very often include two or more different diploid genomes.
- Gymnocarpium [0904,genus]