Search About RLL About Mattick About Supplement Add to Supplement PDF file providers Help

Full record view

Kappen, L 1993: Plant activity under snow and ice, with particular reference to lichens. - Arctic 46(4): 297-302. [RLL List # 156 / Rec.# 9810]
Abstract: 5 fig. 3 tab. [Review article. "Based on recent investigations and literature, this paper discusses to what extent lichens are better adapted to snow and ice than vascular plants. Vascular plants in high latitudes have high freezing tolerances but are photosynthetically inactive in winter (e.g., evergreen coniferous species), while lichens in a highly freezing-tolerant stage can be active and productive under winter conditions. Vascular plants can be active under snow but have no photosynthesis if the tissue is frozen. Recent in situ measurements indicate that lichens are able to photosynthesize at temperatures below -10°C, apparently in the frozen state."]

[Email correction]

Upload PDF file to the RLL web site

If you have a PDF file of this RLL/Mattic record, and there are no copyright problems involved, you may upload the file to the RLL/Mattick site. The PDF file will be automatically linked to the paper, and available for download by everyone. Only one PDF file can be linked to a paper, any previous link will be lost.

PDF file::
NB! Legal characters: a-z, A-Z, 0-9, hyphen, underscore, dot (i.e. no diacritics, ampersand, space, etc.).


Upload URL to PDF file or web site

Alternatively, you can link this RLL/Mattick record to a PDF file or web page placed somewhere else on the web. Again, only a single link can exist for each record; any previous link will be lost.

Copy and paste the URL you wish to link to this record: